European culture gradually developed a tendency to analyse different cultures and social organizations, which later developed into the disciplines of ethnography, anthropology and historical sociology. Acosta's Christian providentialism held no place for any hopeless confinement in savagery.
His discussion of the difficulties of evangelizing among people with a radically different culture and language are noticeably more modern than previous writings on the issue of evangelization. The European encounter with the Orient during the early modern era was mainly the work of individuals or small groups.
In Englandthe Italian Alberico Gentili wrote the first book on public international law and divided secularism from canon law and Roman Catholic theology. The islands thus became the focus of colonization efforts. They were not "good", it was argued, but "bad savages": Portuguese exploration Saharan trade routes c.
The idea of the "noble savage" contributed to the development of primitivistic attitudes which exalted the simple, natural life, unspoiled by civilized society. Connected with the above considerations was the problem of social forms and of history.
Stories survive of a few men who are credited with bringing new knowledge from distant journeys. These processes dramatically altered the demographic and ecological history of the globe, for example, through the mass displacement of Africans by the slave tradethrough colonization and the transplanting of social, religious and juridical ideas and practices, through the increasing enmeshment of overseas regions in European political history and diplomacy, through mass migrations of intermittent intensity from Europe to the Americas and subsequently from the rest of the world to Europe, and through a massive diversification of the range of goods available on the European market and the gradual emergence of the world economy.
Sweeping down the outer edge of Britain, settling in OrkneyShetlandthe Hebridesand Ireland, they then voyaged on to Iceland, where in they settled among Irish colonists who had preceded them by some two centuries. China evacuated the coastal areas, because of Japanese piracy.
Meanwhile, from the s to the s, Russians explored and conquered almost the whole of Siberiaand Alaska in the s.
It later expanded again to include the far northern lands beyond the Baltic and another and dazzling civilization in the Far East the medieval view. During the early modern period, however, Europeans encounters were the consequence of a process of expansion on the part of dynamic Western societies during their transformation into modern capitalist economies and nation-states.
The term "encounter" is also free of the ideological connotations that terms such as "conquest" and "expansion" imply, and "encounter" is compatible with a transcultural approach to global history. There has always been a double aspect to such encounters.
In the second half of the 15th century, Europe entered an age of discovery which resulted in new, increasingly dense relationships with territories and populations all over the world. France and its Colonies AfterFrance was stripped of most of its first colonial empire.
The voyage of Pytheas, like that of Hanno, does not seem to have been followed up. European exploration: European exploration of Earth, beginning about the 4th century BCE. From the time of the earliest recorded history to the beginning of the 15th century, The English colonization of North America was but one chapter in the larger story of European expansion throughout the globe.
The Portuguese, beginning with a. The Expansion of Europe. From the 15th through 17th centuries, Europe sought to expand its power and riches through a rigorous exploration of the world.
European Encounters in the Age of Expansion. The first wave of expansion during the 15th and 16th centuries focused on three main areas. The encounters which European expansion set in motion processes which resulted in a world increasingly defined by transcultural and transnational phenomena. European expansion in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries were led by the three main motives of God, glory, and gold.
Books such as "Travels of John Mandeville" and "Travels" by Marco Polo inspired explorers in the centuries to come. European expansion in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries were led by the three main motives of God, glory, and gold.
Books such as "Travels of John. By the 15th and 16th centuries, European resources were depleting. Each nation-state looked aggressively for new land, and explorers discovering new terrain took possession in the name of the sponsoring nation.European expansion 15th and 16th centuries